Janu Vasti is a specialized Ayurvedic treatment that involves pooling medicated oil in compartments created around the knee joint or the site of inflammation or injury. It can be used for the treatment of various musculoskeletal disorders like osteoporosis, tendonitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ligament tear, etc.
Knee problems are the result of an imbalance in the Vayu or wind in the area caused by the imbalance of Vata dosha. Janu Vasti helps to counteract the cold and dry conditions created by the imbalance by Swedana and warm medicated oils. In Kapha dominant individuals, it is performed in the morning, while for Pitta dominant individuals, it is done in the noon; in the evening, for Vata dominant individuals. In general, it is recommended to perform the therapy early in the morning.
The Janu Vasti is a simple therapy. The procedure starts by preparing a reservoir of black gram powder or flour on the knee joint that is under pain. The Ayurvedic practitioner prescribes a medicated oil for the treatment depending on the body constitution and condition that is being treated. Now, the medicated oil is warmed to suit the condition and then poured over the affected knee. The compartment made over the knee helps to keep the medicated oil in position and prevent leakage.
The entire Janu Vasti treatment procedure takes around 30 to 40 minutes. After the treatment duration is over, the flour and the oil are removed from the knee. Generally, hot water fomentation or Patra Pinda Sweda therapy is given at the end of the treatment. In Patra Pinda Sweda, leaves of medicinal plants are heated along with medicated oils, tied into a bolus, and applied to the affected area. The bolus is frequently warmed during the procedure to maintain a uniform temperature. This offers immense relief to individuals suffering from osteoarthritis or knee pain arthritis.
Some of the oils used in the therapy are:
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